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- For minors starting in September, after the registration period in March, a draw takes place in April if there are at that time more subscribers than available places.
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Are you interested in how image processing algorithms can determine what is shown in a picture? And how to use that knowledge to create technical solutions? Join the minor in Embedded Vision and Machine Learning at HAN University of Applied Sciences!

  • How do you identify the outcome of a role of the dice with a camera?
  • How can you use a camera to convert hand movements into mouse control?
  • How do you identify licence plate details from a moving vehicle?
  • How do you apply vision algorithms to embedded systems?
  • What is artificial intelligence and how do you apply this to image processing?
  • What is the difference between machine learning and deep learning?


You get to delve into topics like image recognition, image processing and object classification with the help of artificial intelligence. The minor has a practical approach with different hardware platforms such as PC and embedded system. You learn to apply vision algorithms and classification methods to solve problems, both in assignments and for ideas you’ve come up with yourself.

We use software tools like OpenCV, Matlab, Qt and an IDE for developing applications for Cortex-M microcontrollers. These software tools are programmed in the programming languages Python and C/C++. You work individually and in a project team with these tools and programming languages. Your aim? To develop and produce a system that can read and (pre)process camera images and classify the found objects by using artificial intelligence.

Block minor

This is a block minor. It is offered once a year as a block in the 1st semester.

Type of minor

This is a specialisation minor. It allows you to specialise further within your own professional profile.

The minor consists of three subjects and a project. The three subjects are each partly theory and partly assignments. The learning outcomes are described per subject:

Subject 1

  • Can carry out and provide reasons for the following image acquisition processes on a PC/laptop: camera, lens, lighting and interfaces.
  • Can apply the following enhancement operators in OpenCV: Image algebra, geometric operators, synthetic images and contrast manipulation.
  • Can apply the following segmentation operators in OpenCV: thresholding, labelling and blob measurement.
  • Can apply the following feature extraction operators in OpenCV: filters, edge detection, binary morphology and colour image processing.
  • Can apply the following classification operators in OpenCV: blob analysis, neural networks, blob matchers.
  • The student can implement a set of vision operators in ANSI-C programming language based on a functional description and considering limitations such as performance and memory use.
  • The student can solve a vision problem with an embedded system using these self-implemented operators: the classification of the three figures - circle, square and triangle. The student demonstrates the solution.
  • The student can describe in a short and concise PowerPoint presentation the functional working and technical realisation of a unique operator.
  • The student can create a unique vision operator in ANSI-C programming language and demonstrate how it works.

Subject 2

  • Knows what digital image processing is, knows the backgrounds, frequency bands and is aware of the fundamental steps for digital image processing.
  • Is aware of digital image fundamentals relating to the human eye, light and the electromagnetic spectrum. Is familiar with various sensors for the purpose of image acquisition and a simple image formation model.
  • Is familiar with physical characteristics of optical instruments and of light and can apply these.
  • Can apply the concepts of image sampling and quantization. Knows the basic relationships between pixels. Can apply mathematical tools that are important for digital image processing.
  • Is familiar with intensity transformations operators (e.g. image negatives, log transformations power_law (Gamma) transformations and piecewise-linear transformations) and can apply these.
  • Is familiar with histogram processing (e.g. histogram equalization, histogram matching (specification), local histogram processing and using histogram statistics for image enhancement) and can apply these.
  • Is familiar with the fundamentals of spatial filtering and different filters (e.g. smoothing spatial filters and sharpening spatial filters) and can apply these.
  • Is familiar with morphological image processing operators (e.g. erosion, dilation, opening, closing) and can apply these.
  • Is familiar with Image segmentation operators (e.g. point, line, and edge detection) and various methods to threshold (e.g. basic global thresholding, optimum global thresholding using Otsu’s method) and can apply these.
  • Can describe the shape and boundaries of a segment using statistical moments.

Subject 3

  • Knows the application of machine learning algorithms, their training, fine-tuning and performance analysis.
  • Can use tools for designing, implementing and evaluating machine learning.
  • Can prepare data, train an algorithm and evaluate the performances of machine learning applied to image processing, in particular object classification.
  • Knows the application of deep learning algorithms, their training, fine-tuning and performance analysis.
  • Can use tools for designing, implementing and evaluating deep learning.
  • Can prepare data, train an algorithm and evaluate the performances of deep learning applied to image processing, in particular object classification.


In this minor you work on all Bachelor of Engineering competences:

C1 Analysing – level 3
C2 Designing – level 3
C3 Realising – level 3
C4 Administering – level 2
C5 Managing – level 2
C6 Advising – level 1
C7 Researching – level 2
C8 Professional development – level 2

You work within the professional task Developing Embedded Systems.

Who can join?

The minor is especially suitable to students of Embedded Systems, Computer Technology and Information Technology. Students from Electrical and Electronic Engineering, or Mechatronics will also be accepted, however, they must have sufficient programming experience.

Entry requirements

  • You like working in a structured manner and think analytically.
  • You have extensive programming experience in the programming languages C and C++. For example, you are familiar with the concepts of pointers and dynamic memory allocation.
  • You have knowledge and skills in one of the following subjects:
    • Digital techniques such as Boolean algebra and number systems
    • Data communication
    • Developing software applications for PC or microcontroller
    • Higher order description language such as Java, C#, Python or related programming experience
    • Working on engineering projects

Useful background

The lessons of the minor are taught in English. If no international students apply for the minor, the lessons will be taught in Dutch.


The minor is part of the Embedded Systems Engineering degree course. The quality of the assessment is assured by the Board of Examiners of the Academy of Engineering and Automotive.

ECTS credits for this minor: 30. The assessment is divided into 12 modular exams.

  • Subject 1 is assessed by means of an individual written exam and an individual oral assessment.
  • Subject 2 is assessed by means of two individual written exams.
  • Subject 3 is assessed by means of a portfolio
  • The project is assessed by means of the delivered group products, i.e. a research report, a functional design, a technical design, the realised product and two product demonstrations/presentations. The two product demonstrations/presentations count as ticks. The final grade is calculated based on the other eight minor grades.

You get two chances for each modular exam.

Class timetable

Classes are scheduled a maximum of four days a week. You also need to work independently on homework assignments and on the project.

Working methods

  • Project assignment in group
  • Lectures
  • Workshops

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